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Dr. Awwad bin Saleh Al Awwad

President of the Human Rights Commission in Saudi Arabia

Women’s rights defenders must be immediately and unconditionally released!

Dear Dr. Al Awwad,

Our organisations remain highly concerned about the continued arbitrary detention of women’s rights defenders including  Loujain Al-Hathloul, Nassima al-Saddah, Samar Badawi, Nouf Abdelaziz, and Miyaa al-Zahrani since 2018. Several of them were subjected to torture, sexual violence and other ill-treatment, with no access to effective remedy.

Our concerns are shared widely and consistently by the international community. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights has repeatedly called for the release of women’s rights defenders since their arrest in mid-2018.[1] At the UN Human Rights Council, over 40 States from across the world have repeatedly called on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to immediately release all those detained for exercising their fundamental rights and in particular women’s rights defenders.[2]

The Committee on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (CEDAW) has repeatedly engaged with the Saudi authorities, urged the release of Al-Hathloul and all women human rights defenders, and expressed their serious concern over Al-Hathloul’s detention conditions. Al-Hathloul is on hunger strike to protest denial of her right to regular contact with her family. The UN Secretary General also raised the cases of Al-Hathloul and Badawi’s detention in his annual reports on cooperation with the UN.[3]

UN Special Procedures have repeatedly urged the Kingdom to release the activists through various communications and press releases.[4] While welcoming some reforms of the male guardianship system, they stressed that “these positive developments are the result of years of relentless advocacy and effort of many human rights and women’s rights defenders in Saudi Arabia. Many are still being held and we call for their immediate release.”

During Saudi Arabia’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in November 2018, Saudi Arabia received at least 22 recommendations calling for the release of human rights defenders, including women human rights defenders, from detention, and to guarantee a safe and enabling environment to do their work. 

The Saudi Human Rights Commission stated in its March 2020 report that “the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been making steady progress in terms of consecutive reforms and reviews of laws and regulations towards the empowerment and enablement of women”. The immediate and unconditional release of all women’s rights defenders would be a litmus test of the Saudi government’s political will to improve the human rights situation.

Media reports by Saudi officials of “clemency” for the women’s rights defenders suggest that they have committed crimes, however we reiterate that they are arbitrarily detained because of their peaceful activism. The Saudi authorities must immediately and unconditionally release all women’s rights defenders, drop the charges against them, and stop all harassment, intimidation and travel bans against their family members.


  1. ACAT-France
  2. ALQST for Human Rights
  3. Americans for Democracy & Human Rights in Bahrain
  4. Amnesty International 
  5. Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy (BIRD)
  7. Coalition Tunisienne Contre la Peine de Mort
  9. Democracy for the Arab World Now (DAWN)
  10. English PEN
  11. Equality Now
  12. European Saudi Organisation for Human Rights
  13. FIDH, in the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
  14. Freedom Initiative
  15. Gulf Centre for Human Rights
  16. Human Rights Watch
  17. Humanists International
  18. International Service for Human Rights (ISHR)
  19. MENA Rights Group
  20. Nachaz Dissonances
  21. No Peace Without Justice
  22. Organisation against Torture in Tunisia
  23. PEN International
  24. Project on Middle East Democracy (POMED)
  25. Renewal Forum for Citizenship and Progressive Thought- Tunisia 
  26. Saudi American Justice Project
  27. Scholars at Risk
  28. The B Team
  29. The Lebanese Council to Resist Violence Against Woman (LECORVAW)
  30. The Tunisian League for Human Rights Defence
  31. Urgent Action Fund for Women’s Human Rights
  32. Vigilance for Democracy and the Civic State
  33. Women’s March Global
  34. World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), in the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders



1. For example: in May 2018, July 2018, September 2018, March 2019February 2020, September 2020.

2. In March 2019 led by Iceland, in September 2019 led by Australia, in September 2020 led by Denmark, and the Netherlands on behalf of the BENELUX countries in June 2020.

3. In September 2019 and September 2020.

4. In June 2018 press release and communication, October 2018 press release and communication, Feburary 2019, August 2019, September 2019, June 2020.